The roundtable Philosophy of Science – Philosophy of Culture – Culturology: A Mutual Interest discussed the questions of: the definition of culture and scientific images of culturology in Russia and other countries, the scientific and disciplinary status of culturology, the relationship between culturology and other sciences, the interaction of culturology and philosophy of culture. Different opinions and arguments were voiced on these issues.
The idea was formulated that the definition of culture is still relevant at the present stage of development of culturology. It depends on the definition of its disciplinary status (V. N. Porus, J. A. Slinin, L. G. Tonoyan, I. B. Ardashkin). The theoretical status of culturology was approved which focuses on a holistic understanding of culture (L. M. Mosolova, G. L. Tulchinsky, K. I. Zabulionyte), which distinguishes it from cultural studies (L. A. Korobeynikova). The opinion was expressed that culturology and philosophy of culture are different fields of knowledge with different problem fields, methods and initial definitions of culture (L.M.Mosolova, V.N.Porus). At the same time a task was set for their convergence. The idea of typological modeling was given, suggesting the possibility of studying culture in a dual perspective: from the perspective of scientific rationality and accounting metaphysical horizons of cultures (K.I.Zabulionyte). A holistic approach to culture is not possible within the framework of the opposition of these perspectives.
Along with this, it was suggested that culturology remains an interdisciplinary area of research conducted by other cultural sciences (V. M. Monakhov). For the characteristics of the disciplinary matrix of T. Kuhn cannot be applied (E. F. Karavaev). Reasoning against the unified theory of culture was formulated: there can be a variety of cultural studies (B. I. Lipsky). At the same time, the assumption was made that the primary method of cultural studies could be “situational logic”; classification of cultural situations could ensure the detection of invariants: culturology has promise to become a paradigmatic science (S. S. Gusev).
At the conclusion of the discussion the participants underlined the necessity for further discussion of the above problems.