Fundamental Culturology Centre

Perov J. V

Perov J. V


The theories of the cultural-historical process of Herder and the philosophical studies of Kant can be considered as completion of the processes of philosophical theories of culture formation. A post-Kantian philosophy of culture was developing questions inside the field of problems created by the opposing “nature” and “freedom”, “existence” () and “proper”, “reality” and “ideals”.


Perov Iu.V. Stanovlenie teorii kultury v evropeiskoi filosofii Novogo vremeni // Filosofiia kultury: Stanovlenie i razvitie. SPb., 1998. P. 63.


The notion of historicism partly reduces to a common denominator of diverse, or even incompatible philosophical tendencies, because it demonstrates the evident poverty of its substance, its erosion or vagueness in a sense that it only fixes the universality of formation in application to existence. In this case all existence: nature and society, human and cognition, values and forms of culture. So the meaning of the notion of historicism is not equal to the specific reality of human existence, of history of society as specific form of reality.


“Historicism” represents definite history, but not so much “historical existence” as “historical being”, so it belongs to the “being row” rather than the “existence row”. Thus a possibility of understanding “being-as-history” has appeared. But it is only a possibility, not reality.


Perov Iu.V.  Istorichnost' i istoricheskaia real'nost'. SPb., 2000. P. 43.